Parasitic infections are very common, more than we think and may or may not produce serious health complications. We can suffer from several types, depending on the size of the parasite and whether they are inside or outside the body. There are micro parasites such as malaria that are only visible under a microscope or large, macro parasites such as round or flat intestinal worms (ascaris, tapeworms, etc.) that can reach a large size. Parasites are not only found in the intestine, as is generally thought, but in any part of the body: in the lungs, liver, muscles, stomach, brain, blood, skin, and Even in the eyes.
Parasites are silent killers, who are collecting naive victims, in a world where they are not even imagined to exist. Parasites can coexist in the same host from one to five different types. The danger begins to exist when the equilibrium with the host is broken and the number of parasites is triggered, starting this one to give signs of serious illnesses and taking even, in some cases until the death.
According to the World Health Organization 1 of 4 people in the world is affected by ascaris causing multiple chronic diseases. 1 of 2 people suffer during their life a parasitosis sometimes without realizing it. It is estimated that they are responsible for 15 million deaths of children and probably causing autism in conjunction with vaccines.
Parasites have developed multiple mechanisms of evasion and resistance to specific immunity, which have allowed them to circumvent and to abort the immune response that the host produces, resulting in chronic and persistent infections. The persistence of the parasites in the human hosts causes chronic immune reactions that can damage the tissues, as well as produce alterations in the immune regulation.
A parasitic infection can be acquired through one of these routes:
By self-infection, for example, in the anus-hand-mouth mechanism, since scraping the anal area can drag the eggs
The different types of parasites and the toxic residues produced by them in our organism, can cause the following generalized problems:
Gas and bloating (Important after meals)
Excess of intestinal movements (inestinal movement after eating)
Abdominal pain. Retortijones
Mucus in the stool
Frequent vomiting and nausea
Burning in the stomach
Blood in the stool
We can talk about asymptomatic or symptomatic forms. The former are usually given in adults. Symptomatic forms occur mainly in children, in which it is usually observed: weight loss, anorexia, growth retardation, colic type pains, diarrhea alternating with periods of constipation, nervousness and irritability, pruritus nasal or anal, urticaria.
The solitary because of its large size consumes enormous amounts of food that remains to the feeding of the child. This can affect your normal nutritional development. Its treatment is simple, but it demands to verify that it removes the head of the worm or otherwise will continue its growth.
Once initiated in the process of deworming we should realize that we must maintain this habit of cleaning for the rest of our lives to enjoy a good and balanced health.
It is common, among people who have pets, to follow the deworming procedures advised by veterinarians every three months for their pets. It is interesting to ask why family physicians do not advise or alert individuals about the existence of this same problem among humans. Perhaps you have to contemplate the possibility of being ignored or ignored the importance of eliminating these pests so harmful, not only for animals but also for people.
It is true that many parasites are not endemic or common outside certain climates, but human migratory movements and the marketing of food products traveling around the world have spread the spread of many parasitic pests silently.
Each parasite has its own biological cycle and consists of the development of a parasite along its different vital stages from the beginning of its life until it reaches maturity, reproduces and dies. In the case of the intestinal parasites that we are treating, they can live in the host for up to ten years, as in the case of a single Tenia, or the whole host life, reproducing again and again, as in the case of the known Oxiuros or Ascaris.
Mebendazole is a medicine used in the treatment of diseases caused by helminths (parasites of the gastrointestinal tract). This medication prevents the parasite from using glucose, causing a decrease in energy and death of the parasite.
Mebendazole is limited in the gastrointestinal tract (approximately 5 to 10%). Absorption is increased if co-administered with fatty foods. It is metabolized to a greater extent in the liver. Approximately 2% of mebendazole administered is excreted in the urine. The rest is excreted in feces.
The appropriate dose of mebendazole may be different for each patient. This depends on the type of parasite that causes the infection. The most frequently recommended dose is 100mg, 2 times a day, for 3 days.
The adverse effects of mebendazole are generally uncommon given their poor absorption. May cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea. Normally these effects are generated by the release of toxins from the actual death of the parasite itself.
It can be administered very effectively diluted with water on a small knob anal. 10 ml with a little warm water are introduced into the intestine and allowed to act overnight. It is especially indicated in the case of oxiurasis.
It is a broad-spectrum anthelmintic that acts by neuromuscular blocking causing spastic paralysis of the parasite and its subsequent expulsion by intestinal peristalsis, without causing excitation of the parasites, nor stimulating their migration.
Pyrantel pamoate has a short duration of action and tends to complete elimination of the body from the stool and urine within 3 to 4 days. Pyrantel pamoate is poorly absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract and approximately 6 to 8% of the total is found in the urine and the remainder in the stool.
The recommended dose in adults is a single dose per day. From 12 years old and upwards, from 40 to 75 kg: 3 tablets. Adults over 75 kg: 4 tablets.
It is incompatible with the use of Piperacin, a substance that is found naturally in pumpkin pipes or antiparasites that have this substance in its formula as they cancel or neutralize each other.
Albendazole is similar to mebendazole, but it is usually more expensive. It is used to treat hookworm, trichurosis, ascariasis, oxyuriasis and trichinosis. It does not usually produce side effects.
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